The Law of Natural Spaces establishes measures of protection for areas with exceptional ecological, geological and landscape values as well as conditions of territorial and urban development ordination. It underlines the difference between natural areas of special interest and rural areas of landscape interest . In the district of Manacor the law defines 5 areas as follows:
Cales de Manacor
Natural area of 635 ha as ANEI-Area and 676 as ARIP-Area. It is formed by a rocky coastline with beautiful coves (cala Varques, Cala Magraner, Cala Virgili, etc.). The garrigue or Mediterranean shrub covers the entire coastline and dry-land cultures with trees spread into the inland.
Calicant. This ANEI has 62,7 ha and also 235 ha of ARIP-Area. This area is part of the Llevant mountain range and vegetal landscape consists of pinewood and several endemic species of the dunes and the rocky coastline.
Es Fangar ANEI of 1.142 has with a small group of hills. Open pinewoods, garrigue and some Holm-oaks dominate this region. The outstanding fauna of this protected area belongs to the bird group (falcon, raven, kestrel and stone-curlew).
Na borges. This ANEI of 1.217 ha situated in Manacor district is named after the crossing torrent, which is the longest of the island. The vegetation of wild oil-tree garrigue and riverside forest are typical for this area. Its fauna is very rich, with birds, reptiles as well as mammals.
Sa Punta and S´Algar. UIT an extension of 33 ha it is good example of marina, where vegetation is graded from the coastline towards the inland. Lentisk, savins and some pines on the coast and rockroses and wild oil-trees in the interior.
These protection measures affects 12 % of the district extension. Since 1997 there exists also a detailed extension. Since 1997 there exists also a detailed account of three humid zones. Cala Murada, Cales de Mallorca and s´Estany d´en Mas.
Finally it is to mention that 7 ha mainly situated in the area of cales de Mallorca are protected by Oak forest-Protection Order 130/2001.
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